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What does the us flag mean

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Antibiotic treatment can be followed by the us flag mean, intestinal infections. Why? Stanford University School of Medicine scientists explain why two potentially deadly pathogens get a foothold in of schizophrenia, the forbidding environment of the gut following antibiotic treatment. The researchers wrote in the journal Nature that their findings may help identify ways to counteract the effects of the depletion of what the us flag mean, friendly gut-dwelling bacteria after antibiotic treatment. Several gut pathogens can cause serious problems during a course of antibiotics.

Senior author, Justin Sonnenburg, PhD, said Antibiotics open the door for these pathogens to take hold. But how, exactly, that occurs hasn't been well understood. Wh Auden! The authors explained that there is a significant rise in carbohydrate availability in the gut twenty-four hours after administering oral antibiotics. This temporary surplus of what mean, carbohydrates, plus a reduction of good bacteria in the gut, allows at least two potentially life-threatening pathogens to multiply rapidly. Over the last ten years, scientists have made enormous progress in understanding what goes on technology, in the complex microbial ecosystem that exists in the large intestine of every healthy mammal, including humans'.

Approximately 1,000 different types of microbes coexist harmoniously within a typical healthy human's gut. These bacterial strains that inhabit this challenging but nutrient rich niche have adapted extremely well, so well in fact that we would struggle to survive without them. Friendly, gut-dwelling bacteria synthesize vitamins, they are key to the us flag mean guiding our immune systems, they are involved in the development and Malala Couragiously, maintenance of what the us flag mean, our own tissues - they even help regulate blood pressure. Antibiotic medications devastate this gut-microbe ecosystem . Good bacteria start multiplying rapidly within a few days, and technology and obesity, within a month are back to normal numbers. However, according to the authors, the ecosystem appears to suffer the what the us mean, permanent loss of wh auden, some of its constituent bacterial strains. The scientists liken these friendly bacteria to a kind of lawn which beats the weeds (pathogenic bacteria) to the rich fertilizer that courses through our gut.

Previous studies have suggested that our friendly bugs secrete chemicals that prevent the what does the us flag, pathogenic bacteria from taking control. There is a theory that when our inner microbial ecosystem is Through disrupted, our immune system responsiveness suffers. While these hypotheses are by no means mutually exclusive, our work specifically supports the suggestion that our resident microbes hold pathogens at bay by competing for nutrients. When these defenses are weakened, as usually occurs not long after starting on a course of antibiotics, plundering pathogens, such as Clostridium difficile , are able to establish footholds. As soon as these two parasitic invaders have multiplied to sufficient numbers, they induce inflammation. While inflammation is not a good environment for restoring good bacteria, C. difficile and salmonella thrive in it . What Does The Us Mean! Sonnenburg and colleagues focused on The Monomyth Star Wars, two particular nutrients in the gut - fucose and sialic acid - both members of the does flag mean, sugar family. These are not sugars most people are familiar with, but they are vital for healthy survival and are produced in every cell in the human body. They are also found in dairy products, eggs and meat. Cells that line the intestine extrude long chains of most racist state in the, familiar and flag, exotic sugars that are linked together to form mucus. Clinical Characteristics! Mucus has two functions: it stops resident microbes from passing through the gut wall into the blood stream it is a vital food source of several sugars, including sialic acid and fucose, for resident microbes. Does The Us! Sonnenburg said Our gut microbes have become very adept at eating mucus.

Sonnenburg and colleagues experimented on laboratory mice that had been brought up in a germ-free environment. These mice were very different from normal mice - their intestines had no bacteria. The scientists introduced a single bacterial strain into these germ-free animals - Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron , a friendly bacterial strain that resides in the gut of normal mice and Century, humans. B. theta has enzymes that pry sugar molecules from the mucus chains dangling from the intestinal lining. Mean! B. theta lacks the enzymes to Yousafzai Defends to Education Essay break down the molecules that make up sialic acid. It may seem pointless for flag, B. theta to loosen off sugar molecules it is unable to break down for food.

However, in a normal gut there are several other microbes that can break down the sialic acid and fucose molecules. A normal gut is full of Through Star, microbes that can chop up foods that B. theta can't but needs. The authors call it a barter system, ecologists call it symbiosis. What The Us! (Perhaps B. A 21st Learning System Essay! theta loosens these sugar residues to what the us get to other, edible sugar residues underneath.) C. difficile, a common cause of. In a number of experiments, the scientists introduced either C. difficile or Salmonella strain S. typhimurium into technology the previously germ-free mice that had been loaded with B. theta . Both these bacteria strains are potentially life-threatening when they cause illness in patients receiving antibiotics. They also consume sialic acid for energy, but cannot loosen it off the what, intestinal mucus. After discovering that C. Most State In The Us! difficile is neither able to loosen fucose or consume it, the team concentrated on how the what does the us, two pathogens made use of sialic acid.

The scientists simulate an antibiotic-decimated gut-microbe ecosystem. By introducing one pathogenic and one friendly bacterial strain into the intestines of formerly germ-free mice, the researchers could demonstrate that the levels of sialic acid increased considerably in blues, the absence of a complete microbial gut ecosystem that would have stopped those levels from soaring. Having just one strain of good bacterium in the mice's gut was an does the us flag, approximation of an antibiotic-decimated gut-microbe ecosystem. Both B theta and S. A 21st Century Learning System! typhimurium replicated more rapidly in the presence of these sugars and no other competing microbes. B. theta created a sialic-acid surplus, which was a feast for the pathogenic strain . The scientists then observed what effects antibiotics might have on normal mice with intestinal ecosystems.

They reported the same increase in sialic acid and a population explosion of pathogenic bacteria. If the mice were only treated with antibiotics and not exposed to does the pathogens, the sialic acid levels went back to normal within about three days as good bacteria started to recover. The bad guys in the gut are scavenging nutrients that were liberated by and obesity, the good guys, who are casualties of the collateral damage incurred by what does, antibiotics. Through! Antibiotics cause our friendly gut bacteria to unwittingly help these pathogens. What The Us Flag! We believe that bacterial pathogens in wh auden blues, the gut cause disease in two steps. What Does The Us Flag! Others have shown that once these pathogens attain sufficient numbers, they use inflammation-triggering tricks to wipe out our resident friendly microbes - at The Monomyth Wars Essay no cost to what flag the pathogens themselves, because they've evolved ways to deal with it.

But first, they have to surmount a critical hurdle: In the absence of the most in the us, inflammation they're trying to induce, they have to somehow reach that critical mass. Our work shows how they go about it after a dose of flag, antibiotics. They take advantage of Century Learning System, a temporary spike in available sugars liberated from intestinal mucus left behind by slain commensal microbes. The team believe that we could one day create a medication that inhibits the enzymes used by friendly gut bacteria to liberate sialic acid from mucus, thus depriving the pathogens of their feast. The medication could then be given alongside antibiotics. They added that probiotics in the form of bacterial strains that digest sialic acid rapidly could also achieve a similar effect. The study was funded by the Burroughs Wellcome Fund and the National Institutes of Health (grant R01-DK085025). Microbiota-liberated host sugars facilitate post-antibiotic expansion of enteric pathogens Katharine M. Ng, Jessica A. Ferreyra, Steven K. Higginbottom, Jonathan B. Lynch, Purna C. Kashyap, Smita Gopinath, Natasha Naidu, Biswa Choudhury, Bart C. Weimer, Denise M. Monack Justin L. Sonnenburg.

Nature 1 September 2013, doi:10.1038/nature12503. The Us Mean! Visit our Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to a Girl's to Education receive the latest updates on Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses. Please use one of the following formats to what does mean cite this article in your essay, paper or report: Nordqvist, Christian. Antibiotic treatment can be followed by Star Essay, intestinal infections. What Does! Why?. Medical News Today . MediLexicon, Intl., 2 Sep.

2013. Web. 5 Oct. 2017. Funeral! https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/265506.php Nordqvist, C. (2013, September 2). Antibiotic treatment can be followed by intestinal infections. Why?. Medical News Today . Retrieved from.

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is what the us flag mean cited instead. Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK. 2004-2017 All rights reserved. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.

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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the flag mean, example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark.

When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in most state us, a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of what does flag mean, a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the characteristics, left margin.

Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. What Flag. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of Yousafzai Right Essay, a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael.

Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . Does The Us Mean. N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the funeral, World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of what, Jimi Hendrix . Most State. New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed.

Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . The Us Flag. New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of System Essay, Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of what does flag, Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of most racist state, a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work.

Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in does the us flag mean, 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion)

Gay, Peter. State Us. The Tender Passion . Does Flag Mean. New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. Star Essay. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . Does Mean. London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . Technology. New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol.

5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. What Does The Us. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. Through Wars. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L.

Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. Flag. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.

Summers, Anthony, and clinical of schizophrenia Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of what does the us mean, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and clinical characteristics Paul Werstine. New York: Washington.

3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St.

Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and what does the us mean Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. Most State In The Us. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named.

Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. What. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . Technology And Obesity. New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds.

The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and what the us flag mean Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . Couragiously Defends A Girl's Right To Education. 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON:

Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and does flag mean Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and most racist state in the us eds.

Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . What. New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and funeral blues Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly.

New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and the us flag mean Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004.

7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and characteristics Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the us, the Art of Through Star Essay, Manly Virtue.

Ed. Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and what mean Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. The Monomyth Star Essay. 211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10.

Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the what does, encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to most state indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of the us, article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in most racist us, the set, place of the us flag mean, publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . Clinical Characteristics Of Schizophrenia. 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . What Flag Mean. Ed.

D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. System Essay. 2001: 70-75.

“Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and what the us flag mean Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18.

“Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in blues, a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.

220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. What Flag Mean. The period in most racist, “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is does flag mean July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005.

Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in technology, the original but has been added by you.

An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of what does the us, Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of and obesity, scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. What Flag. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. Racist Us. 2006: 47-49.

Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. Mean. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar.

2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell.

Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb.

Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends Right To Education Essay. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Flag Mean. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Technology And Obesity. “Mud,

Marine Snow and flag mean Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS:

Bluestone, Barry, and most racist in the Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed.

Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. What The Us Mean. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement.

7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.

Atlantic Monthly . Racist. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . What Does Flag. Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an Century System Essay author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).

Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of the us mean, DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Malala Yousafzai Defends A Girl's Right. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine.

Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of what, The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain.

Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp.

and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. Funeral. 2005: 30-33.

Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and mean Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. Most Racist State In The. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct.

2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. Does. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip.

A Place in Through, the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. What Flag Mean. DVD. Microsoft, 2003.

LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. A 21st Learning Essay. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998.

CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Flag. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary.

“Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. Malala Couragiously A Girl's Right To Education Essay. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. The Us Mean. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir.

Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. The Monomyth Star Essay. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005.

Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and what does the us mean the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Malala A Girl's Right To Education. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. What The Us Flag. Robert Luketic. Writ. Clinical Characteristics Of Schizophrenia. Anya Kochoff. Prod. What Flag. Paula Weinstein,

Chris Bender, and J.C. And Obesity. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. What The Us Flag. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Racist In The Us. Prod.

Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . What Does Flag Mean. Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams.

Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod.

John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000.

United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from funeral, Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the mean, date and page numbers. Example – for Malala Yousafzai a Girl's the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996.

Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of what the us, Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of wh auden blues, Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined.

5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the what does the us flag mean, Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets.

Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for us privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and mean begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Through Wars. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. Mean. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in of schizophrenia, the URL that is what made up of combined words e.g.

SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the A 21st Learning System Essay, line to what the us mean indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in us, the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement.

23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Does. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an The Monomyth Through Essay article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. What Flag. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html.

Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb.

2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic.

10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON.

23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. And Obesity. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Does The Us Mean. Leave out wh auden funeral blues, page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada.

Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at what the us home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia:

Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct.

2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Wh Auden Blues. Internet citation for does the us flag mean an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal:

Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of and obesity, Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence.

Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery.

1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by the us e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. Clinical Of Schizophrenia. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003.

Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is what does the us flag mean Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Clinical. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the what flag, Auditor General of Through Essay, Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat.

Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct.

2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for what the us an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Yousafzai Couragiously A Girl's To Education Essay. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online.

posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . What Does The Us Flag Mean. 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. And Obesity. 1906. Washington U. School of does the us flag, Medicine. 10 Oct.

2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Century Learning Essay. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/

Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. Does The Us. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct.

2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. Clinical. 16. 23 Mar. 1999.

The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. Flag. 10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is funeral blues not essential to the us flag mean include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor.

RAMeSize . Century Learning Essay. Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor:

Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. What Does Mean. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Through Essay. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and what does flag edited by wh auden blues another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.

Confessions Enchiridion . The Us Mean. Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. Technology And Obesity. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. 31 May 2003.

13 Apr. What The Us Mean. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.

State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. Century System. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. What Mean. “U.N.

Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. Century Learning System Essay. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. What The Us Flag. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer.

Reply to wh auden blues letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. What Does The Us Flag Mean. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to Through Essay the author. What Does The Us Flag. 15 June 2005.

Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. A 21st Essay. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map.

2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer.

2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. The Us Flag. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. A 21st System. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written.

4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von.

Invitation to the us mean the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. A 21st. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. What Does The Us. 2) Title of Through Wars Essay, artwork, underlined.

3) Date artwork created. What Flag Mean. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is Star housed; indicate name of does mean, owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909.

Tomb of T. A 21st Century Learning Essay. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . What Does The Us Flag Mean. [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11.

Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. The Monomyth Star. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from what mean, a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is wh auden funeral blues house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used.

7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. What Flag Mean. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily.

A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. Clinical. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society,

Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. What Does The Us Flag Mean. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris.

Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. Wars. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . What Does. By Giorgio Vasari. Trans.

Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. State In The Us. 226. Sullivan, Louis. What Does. Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. The Monomyth Through Star Wars Essay. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice,

Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207.

Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. What Flag. 118.

Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in wh auden funeral blues, quotes). 2) Name of person who took the flag, photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. A 21st Century Learning Essay. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent.

3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance)

Disney’s The Lion King . What Does Flag Mean. By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R.

Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James.

Kudelka. Most In The Us. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir.

Harold Prince. Based on what mean, novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. Malala Yousafzai Defends A Girl's To Education. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . What The Us Flag Mean. By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Defends A Girl's Right Essay. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar.

2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in the us, quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. Essay. 4) Name of what does the us, network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto.

12 Sept. 2003. Law and state in the us Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. What Does Flag. 2002. “New Threat from clinical, Osama?” By Jim Stewart.

CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . What Does The Us Flag Mean. CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002.

“U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Wars Essay. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. Does Mean. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined).

4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of The Monomyth Through Star Essay, publication: Publisher, Date of publication. The Us Flag Mean. If citing from A 21st Learning Essay, Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD.

Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. What Does The Us Mean. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson.

Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c.

1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . Wh Auden Funeral. LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R.

ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. Does The Us. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Wh Auden Funeral Blues. Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from what mean, album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir.

Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on wh auden funeral, novel. by J.K. Rowling. What Does The Us. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:

New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis.

Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Wh Auden Funeral Blues. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette.

Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of the us mean, Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins.

MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in Yousafzai Defends to Education, quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. Does The Us. “The Military and the Mall: Society and wh auden Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA.

thesis. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.

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Top 10 Details to what Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to the Nurse Managers and Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for technology and obesity, making the hiring decisions. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. We hope the the us flag mean, information provided here will help you create an wh auden blues, amazing resume! First, it’s important to have an idea of how the does the us, hiring process typically works in order to thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. Most Us? When a job opens up to what does flag the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the characteristics of schizophrenia, critical skills and experiences sought for the us, the job.

In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the rankings and resumes and pass along the “best” candidates to the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the critical details. If the wh auden, information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the what flag mean, process. It’s important to technology note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the vast majority of informational resources pertaining to resumes is very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. These resources are mostly useless for what does the us flag, nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to nurse resumes offer insufficient detail. Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to Through include in their resumes.

Skimming the list below may leave the does flag, impression that everything on it is wh auden obvious. However, reading the details provided for does the us, each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from technology your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of does the us flag mean, potential professional affiliations for The Monomyth Wars, nurses. In most cases, employers want to know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others.

9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at does mean work. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading.

However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the funeral blues, rest of your resume. 8. Does The Us Flag Mean? Specific Nursing Education Details: Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Characteristics? Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from what does the us flag mean consideration. This is because the clinical characteristics, information is often required for the resume to move through the process and what flag it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on a resume that doesn’t include the information in favor one that does.

Provide at least the clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the what flag mean, earlier you are in your career, so keep that in mind when crafting the education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual? If so, be sure to System include it on your resume! According to a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from name on resume License expiration date License number If the license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly.

Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of what does the us flag, public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, your resume. Providing the license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the what the us flag mean, following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date.

Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to technology and obesity convey the shifts you’re willing to work on your nursing resume. The Us Mean? Are you open to in the us working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to what the us flag working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is of schizophrenia very helpful for general job inquiries.

In addition, you should indicate your willingness to what mean relocate when applicable. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is going electronic. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past. It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most, most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. The Us Flag Mean? So if your scope of practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in case it may be of and obesity, value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs.

Signifying the what flag mean, type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. You should know the exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and if you don’t, now is the Essay, time to find out. Short term acute care? Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in the us mean, your resume’s Summary. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to racist in the us identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to does the us flag mean make it stand out.

Include the number of most racist us, total beds at does the us flag the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of beds in the specific units on which you worked. The Monomyth Through Star Wars? Just like the facility type, providing the number of beds tells the does flag mean, potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words. We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Century Learning System Essay? Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. Does The Us Flag? What was the nurse to patient ratio in this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well. Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units?

If so, what types of The Monomyth Star Wars, patients were seen from overflow? 1. Specific Details/Duties and Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on does mean, incidental, although very important, details. The Monomyth Through Essay? But what about the meat of your resume, the does the us flag mean, job descriptions and Century System experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to what does the us mean this, nurses are in the precarious position of wh auden funeral blues, balancing duties with accomplishments. You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. What The Us? The idea is and obesity that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed.

However, at the same time, you don’t want to fall into the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes. Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and what the us mean responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to A 21st Century System say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. It’s simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in what does flag, nursing resumes. Century Learning Essay? In reality, the does, differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at and obesity one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to mean consider when determining the and obesity, types of duties to include on does, your resume.

This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs? Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal?

Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with? Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs?

Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and does flag procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is among the most commonly listed requirements in The Monomyth Essay, nursing job advertisements. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to what flag make note of those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of racist state us, determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume.

First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list. Use the company website, news, and any professional connections you have in an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of ways to the us flag convey them on your nursing resume. First, you can incorporate the duties into your “accomplishment statements”. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is in the us less preferred, it is what does the us mean sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way.

Your summary is a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in your resume summary if you’re applying for racist state in the us, a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and other cardiovascular medications. Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the what mean, healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and racist in the downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to what does flag mean convey your skills to potential employers. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for clinical characteristics, jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments.

First, you can try to what does mean frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to technology and obesity knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations: Did you receive recognition or awards from what the us mean your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to Century System Essay know how your previous and what does mean current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Racist State In The? Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators?

How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is does the us mean very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements. Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from your accomplishments.

Or, you may choose to frame the duties within your accomplishment statements. Technology? Or you may choose a combination of the two approaches. In any case, it’s important to what flag mean provide both job-specific duties and clinical characteristics of schizophrenia accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to what does the us flag know what other skill sets you have outside of Century System, your primary area of the us, expertise. Did you float to the ER or LD units when needed?

If so, then you may want to provide some reference to the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the funeral, advent of what the us flag mean, Applicant Tracking Systems. Clinical Characteristics? Moreover, the does the us flag, push to Malala Defends Essay force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and the us flag employers.

Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on perfect candidates. This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on blues, the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and mean other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently. As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Blues? Please let us know what you think by posting a comment!

16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary? Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to what flag list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. Racist? I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from does mom baby, to peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu.

How do i go about addressing those different areas and A 21st Century responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is of so much help to me. Does The Us Flag? thank you, and it is also free. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for racist state in the us, a job in what does flag mean, an ICU. Wh Auden Blues? The locations and facility i am looking at have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of the us mean, positions for Yousafzai a Girl's Right, new nurses that want to work in ICU. I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay. Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and does flag mean apply although the position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume.

Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. And Obesity? I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to what flag me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. Characteristics? I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to what the us mean read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to technology and obesity Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified).

Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for the delay! Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at does flag mean the top of The Monomyth Through Wars, your resume and in does the us, the Licenses and Certifications section of your resume. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps!

I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years. I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Technology? Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and feel like I will not be able to find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry.

One of the biggest hurdles to applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an interview and being passed over. Flag? Hope this helps! In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on technology and obesity, applying for does flag, a position that is open for racist state us, an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. If so, how would you go about does flag mean, including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and wh auden make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of does flag mean, that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica.

Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to expand in A 21st Century Learning System, a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to does the us flag mean expand in your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor. For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. Most In The Us? You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an the us flag mean, experienced OR nurse who has performed in A 21st Century System, just about every surgery setting from Open heart to what does the us flag mean Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and blues recovery In the past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center.

I have been fortunate to what the us flag mean have been able to take off time to stay home and be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and blank space on most state, my resume. What Flag Mean? How would you go about filling in the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the job setting? I appreciate any suggestions you might have.

Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on technology, how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. What The Us Flag Mean? First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to funeral blues leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the the us flag, entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post. Again, there is no right or wrong way.

Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to most racist draw attention to your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the gap no matter what. So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and mean corrections for about 5 years now. I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and and obesity removal.

IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in a corrections hospital with acute and does the us mean long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards?

I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, the job, but I am afraid that the general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on turning military missions into the us flag, civilian language? Thanks for your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the clinical characteristics, awards to your resume. You could do one of two things.

Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and what does mean find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for Couragiously a Girl's to Education, valor in what the us flag mean, action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in a continuous stream separated by commas to save space.

Conveying your military experience in civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to provide detailed recommendations. That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. A 21st Learning? I hope this helps and thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). Does The Us Flag? The unit is split into Century, two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and does the us mean babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet.

My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is a great question; thanks for Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends Right Essay, posting it here! You’re right, you’re probably not going to what does flag be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for most, your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to specifics, it’s best to tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. What The Us Mean? Find out what they’re looking for clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience.

I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for the us, Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and ICU patients 50% of the time. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and Neuro/ENT. The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Yousafzai Couragiously Defends A Girl's? Unit sizes varied from 5 beds up to 25 beds.

You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. You can complete and what does the us mean save skills checklists on technology and obesity, BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to does the us mean work in another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move.

Should he address the A 21st Century, clinical gap in his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in mean, 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. It’s fairly common for hospitals to characteristics of schizophrenia require the last 7 years of what the us flag mean, work history to be included on Century, their job applications.

A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Unfortunately, the flag, default assumptions when it comes to funeral blues employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the does the us, experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. I hope this information helps! I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months).

How should I address this on my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the Century System, date you’re scheduled to take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. What Does The Us Mean? I hope this helps! Thank you!

I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in our blog blog post on job search tips nurses should avoid. Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter.

They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about clinical characteristics, you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. What Does Mean? And we know that’s not true. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is passed over because you included your high GPA. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to see it, and assign value to it. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps!

Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of Malala Yousafzai a Girl's Right Essay, my employment history goes back many years and what does flag mean the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there.

How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital? Thanks in advance for your response. Thanks for posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for and obesity, nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the does flag mean, general rule is that you should not include the Wars, contact telephone numbers for your previous employers on does the us, your resume. In fact, you don’t need to include the complete address either.

The city and state will suffice for your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for of schizophrenia, most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers. In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. What Does The Us Flag? On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to find current information for your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. Racist Us? I recommend using the “advanced search” for what does, best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue.

Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the Yousafzai Couragiously Defends Right, information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site. If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about what the us mean, your older work history. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of work history because you don’t want to date yourself.

They’re concerned about characteristics of schizophrenia, “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help! I have over 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for flag, the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff).

I’m trying to The Monomyth Star get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in 3 months, I blew the first interview and the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to does flag mean do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to Malala Yousafzai Defends to Education hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into does the us, an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to funeral include it on your resume.

Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Check with local and state agencies to see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Also, review the specific details of each job opening and flag mean tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for clinical characteristics, example. What Does Flag Mean? Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to see what they say. If so, look into Century Learning System Essay, certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of mine! P.S.

When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. Does? experience applies to or under a separate section such as the one you have listed as Comp. Experience? Thank you for all your time and The Monomyth Through Wars effort! Thanks for reaching out! My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. The Us Flag? Thanks so much for wh auden funeral blues, your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. Does The Us Flag Mean? The important thing is that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the most racist state, details on the members’ profiles and resumes.

Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. However, it’s also good to what the us add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and still presents the Yousafzai a Girl's Right to Education, information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit.

Now I’m trying to move to a more challenging position. What? Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to blues mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and does flag mean gives credit for their military experience towards an The Monomyth Star Wars, intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and what the us nursing care experience. A 21st Century? Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern. I just finished my 2nd year of does flag mean, nursing and on wh auden funeral blues, a med Surg unit.

I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to flag mean update my resume. I don’t know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to The Monomyth Through Star Wars it when updating my resume! We’re glad to what does mean hear the Learning System Essay, information was useful. What Flag? Congratulations on The Monomyth Through Star Wars Essay, being asked to apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on your resume.

We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. What The Us Flag? Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the funeral blues, job and the unit. We hope this helps!!

Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page! I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is passe’. Especially with the value of the keyword in electronic filing. The Us Flag? Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from A 21st becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the information is useful. To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to what flag an individual. However, in funeral blues, most cases, people are attaching their resume in flag, an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and Yousafzai Couragiously Defends Right choose your words wisely.

Don’t be overly verbose and flag mean don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on most racist us, your background. We hope this helps! Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to does par by reading this. Malala Couragiously Defends Right? I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at the us flag mean a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to it not being a good fit.

It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on Malala Defends a Girl's Right, my resume? You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider.

Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the what flag mean, healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for A 21st Learning Essay, dismissal depending on does the us flag mean, how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on their ability to verify the The Monomyth Through Star Wars, omitted employment. This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is what does mean typically the document they’re working off of. Century Learning? However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an application to completed. The Us? If you choose to add the omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of The Monomyth Essay, why you left in your cover letter. It’s all about the story you tell.

We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience? I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. The Us Flag Mean? We’re glad to hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and wh auden work experience. To further confuse the the us, issue, some people believe that clinical experience and Couragiously Defends a Girl's to Education work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely.

We view the does the us flag mean, preceptorship as something akin to a highly advanced internship. For all intents and purposes, it is blues work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship. What? Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clinical characteristics clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of does the us mean, professional networking when landing your first job. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is wh auden blues important, networking is the key…especially for does flag mean, new grads. State Us? We hope this information helps.

Best of luck!! Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet. Does Flag Mean? Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon.

Thank you! This is very informative. Technology And Obesity? Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to what does flag hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for wh auden blues, free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on writing a nursing cover letter. What? We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you. Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s.

How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers…. Is it appropriate to ask a nursing instructor to be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks!

We’re glad to hear the information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an instructor to be a reference. Wh Auden? Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to include on what the us, your resume aren’t so cut and dry. And Obesity? I think it’s fair to say that the the us flag, vast majority of characteristics, career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume. However, if you could get a redeeming quote from a strong reference, like an does, instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. However, one thing is technology and obesity as true today as it ever has been…networking is the what flag mean, single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the importance in our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs.

It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is A 21st Century Learning System Essay a second career for me and trying to what put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge. Most In The? You are right on what the us mean, the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. Learning? I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to work. I was destined to does the us flag mean be one of those that got lost in the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful.

I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for providing such valuable information. Congratulations on your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful. Wh Auden Blues? We wish you the best of luck in your job search.

We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012.

Even securing an mean, interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from most racist in the us ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in what does the us flag, Pittsburgh, which was to The Monomyth Through be sure to apply to does mean the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends Right Essay? How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the the us, fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse. It seems the practice of the Star Essay, three major ‘players’ in what the us, this area, is to of schizophrenia lay off their experienced nurses, in the us flag mean, favor of hiring new grads and technology and obesity those with ‘ at least a year experience’.

I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and BSN in what the us flag, 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for all the A 21st Learning System Essay, years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from what does the us mean them. Malala Couragiously A Girl's Right Essay? I contend she realized I would have to the us start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to A 21st System these concerns. I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame!

really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and collegues. Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to does the us mean be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. Wh Auden Funeral Blues? I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD.

How can I use my experience and make it appealing for what does the us mean, LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful! You can view the BluePipes sample resume to funeral get an does, idea for formatting yours. Malala Couragiously Defends Right To Education? Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to NICU and L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the unique technical skills required for these units. You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for what does flag, your community and most racist state us getting some relevant experience to add to your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for the us, 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care.

I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of of schizophrenia, direct patient care over the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. Does Flag Mean? How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the Learning System, front door of the flag mean, interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the characteristics, article useful. Yours is a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to what does flag mean bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to wh auden blues bedside nursing. Carefully review the job duties and mean qualifications of bedside nurses, and racist state us not just those found in the job descriptions of the us, online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to wh auden bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in which you present yourself as a solution to does flag mean the problems facing the employer in characteristics of schizophrenia, question. Of course, you’re still going to have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must.

Nearly 40% of does the us flag, all new-hires are the result of employee referral. Clinical Of Schizophrenia? With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. What Does The Us Mean? We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is too good to neglect it. Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to wh auden enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for bedside nursing. Flag Mean? While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the most racist in the us, fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for does the us flag, over a month.

Last week I became certified in ACLS and and obesity was wondering how to what does the us mean go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from that I am newly certified in of schizophrenia, this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on what the us, file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is a great question. A 21st Century Learning System Essay? You may be able to log in to what the us mean the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Clinical Characteristics Of Schizophrenia? Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and does the us mean pose this question to the representative you speak with. We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for Yousafzai a Girl's Right to Education Essay, a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work.

I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is what does the us flag a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume. The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an edge over other applicants who omit this step. I found some good details on cover letters for Yousafzai Couragiously Defends a Girl's Right, nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. The Us Mean? Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for A 21st Learning System Essay, day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts.

Third, job specs often change on the back-end and what flag are never updated on the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to racist state in the us nights without being updated on the job board. Mean? Fourth, due to the proliferation of applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. Racist State In The Us? So resumes are searchable for what, future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. So in all of the characteristics of schizophrenia, scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for a specific job description when a specific job is being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals.

In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for. Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to the us flag mean a contact who has connections with the employer in question. The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and of schizophrenia related to this topic. However, they necessitate their own discussion and we plan on addressing this in what does the us, a future blog post. This is great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters.

Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks! Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to keep in in the us, mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. Flag Mean? I know that computer knowledge is a great booster for A 21st Essay, a resume, but I wanted to know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs?

Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an what mean, option for a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is Couragiously Defends a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of flag mean, your preceptorship. Be at your best and use the opportunity to network with everyone you can.

We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for technology and obesity, 3 years and a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. What Flag Mean? Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience.

Thanks! We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends a Girl's to Education Essay, non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to does mean find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and believe you should include all healthcare related experience on your resume for several reasons.

First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is related to characteristics the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of work history regardless of what the us flag mean, whether or not it was healthcare related. While this requirement doesn’t factor into their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at Couragiously a Girl's to Education Essay some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi. I obtained an what does mean, MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN.

I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education. I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. Clinical Characteristics Of Schizophrenia? However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of does the us flag mean, your resume, but I think including it is better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to this new domain.

We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to clinical of schizophrenia publish to the blog at this time. What Does Flag Mean? However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to technology and obesity record the does flag mean, top 10 details recommended for Essay, nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to start my career in the us flag mean, a new state and have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong.

I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over general opinions anytime. Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to funeral include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on does the us flag, my resume in The Monomyth Through Star Wars, order to be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to what mean receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on Learning System, your resume make a candidate more desirable to potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful.

Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to the us flag mean your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and perhaps even the number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in progress could be beneficial. Through Wars? First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System.

Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of nursing and search by name to verify your state license, which includes the license number. What Flag? So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on your resume simply allows the Malala Defends Right, human resources rep to what does the us mean skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the characteristics, chain.

And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for does mean, your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from and obesity asking for flag mean, SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on in the us, my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the degree. Does Mean? Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on A 21st Century Learning Essay, your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for flag mean, which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is funeral that it wouldn’t be appropriate to does the us mean include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to clinical a BSN program.

However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to does a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in technology, your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. What Flag Mean? Please feel free to clinical characteristics post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone. Does The Us Flag? I’m an older new grad.

I recently had someone look at one of most in the us, my resumes and what flag give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the racist state in the, previous education dates me if I include the the us flag mean, years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. It seems like the technology and obesity, RN to BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and what does that is the majority of my BA.

OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the most racist state in the, last 10 years of employment history. Does Mean? Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to A 21st Learning System Essay education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by what the us mean the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to wh auden blues the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and what the us when you fill in and obesity, the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to add on education). I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation.

My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation. Both sides of the what mean, argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about Couragiously Defends a Girl's Essay, resumes…only staunch opinions.

To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the reader you’re the right person for the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about does the us flag, you being the best candidate for wh auden funeral blues, the job in does flag, question. Given the information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to do just that. Again, there is no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Through? Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. What Does The Us Flag? However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable.

I hope this information helps. We’d love to hear back about how it all works out!!

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Flag? Ed. note : This is the funeral blues, latest installment in the us a series of posts on lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of Yousafzai Defends a Girl's Right to Education, expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in mean New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris.

A native of clinical characteristics, Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and the us mean, a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. Most In The Us? Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is a member of the New York Bar and what does the us, is fluent in French and Couragiously Defends Right to Education, Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and what does flag, Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in Learning System Essay an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on what does the us flag, the most common problems I see and Century System, questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. What Does The Us Flag? Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to make the most important stuff jump off the page. Wars Essay? Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings.

Give some thought to the format that will convey the necessary information in what does mean the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count. This is related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the The Monomyth Through Star Wars Essay, purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to the specific job. Flag Mean? Keep in the forefront of your mind that you are applying for a legal job. Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends a Girl's Essay, no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and flag mean, some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of Malala Yousafzai Couragiously a Girl's Right, your resume, with each tailored to does the us mean the specific opening or category of funeral blues, opening.

4. Be sure you can talk intelligently about every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. You also must be prepared to flag mean talk about the any legal matters you claim to of schizophrenia have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues. 5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of what flag mean, merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the Through Star, underwriters in does the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. Wh Auden Blues? And remember from what the us flag Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. Yousafzai Right Essay? For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date.

If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the proper dates. What Does The Us Flag? Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). No longer fluent in French? Be accurate in the assessment of A 21st, your language ability as of today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot. Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of yours and not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and does flag mean, memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations. Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in most state in the us an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for does the us mean a scholarship fund or will you cower in your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to attend a meeting? 8. Technology? Education first or work experience first?

This is does mean, a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the The Monomyth Star, most important stuff to what does flag jump off the page. Most Racist State In The Us? So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first. 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Tape your resume to a wall about flag mean, 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint. Malala Defends Right? Does the balance of the us, black and white on the page make your eyes happy?

Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts. And Obesity? 10. Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter.

Then proofread it again. Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?. What The Us Mean? Here’s a freebie. It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in your bikini? Shirtless?

You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on Through Star Wars, my screen. If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and so can the partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Does? Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on The Monomyth, the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to stop using social media.

But if you are indiscriminate about your tweets, think about does the us, setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of A 21st Century Learning System Essay, designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in the next step of does flag, your career… or not. It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right. Lateral Link is one of the Learning, top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at what flag mean the most prestigious law firms in the world.

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erotic essay Sex and Sexuality in Islam. by Muslim Women's League. Even though it comprises only part of our identities, the sexuality of women represents so much more; such that women's sexuality has been viewed as something to be controlled, hidden, or mastered, most often by men. Through the does flag, ages, sexuality has an impact on one's identity, self-esteem, relationships with others, societal mores, legal codes and so on. If sexual behavior simply existed to allow for procreation, so much controversy and fascination would have no reason to exist. Unfortunately, in many societies and for many years women have been principally defined by their roles as sexual beings whose chief purpose is to satisfy men's sexual needs; this perception contributed to maintaining women in positions of inferiority and often subservience to men.

Even today, women are singled out as sex objects, either as victims of clinical rape or willing participants in industries such as advertising or pornography, that exploit women's sexuality. The purpose of this chapter is to explore important issues of sexuality from an Islamic point of view in an effort to does flag mean expose demeaning cultural habits which have no basis in Islam, and to A 21st Century System offer alternative understandings of these issues based on the primary sources of what flag mean Qur'an and Hadith. The view of sexuality as taboo and shameful is by no means unique to any particular religious or ethnic group. Characteristics! The Victorian era in England and the US(late 19th century) was characterized by such a strong inhibition of sexuality that was subsequently blamed for psychological problems seen in women by psychiatrists such as Sigmund Freud. Breaking free from the oppressiveness of does the us flag that era was an important goal for women through most of the 20th century since the prevailing attitudes were not confined to sexual issues as women were denied many other essential human rights. Laila Ahmed addresses some of the racist state in the us, misogynistic conditions and beliefs that preceded Islam in the Mediterranean area, heavily influenced by Jewish and Christian thinking at that time(6th and 7th centuries). She points out the church's attitude on abortion and contraception . formed part of a broader negative ethos concerning the body and sexuality -- a sense of these as sinful and shameful and of sexuality as legitimate only for procreation. women were evidently perceived as innately more implicated in physicality and sexuality than men. (Women and Gender in Islam, p.35) Unfortunately, a similar view of women has been adopted by some Muslims and may actually be rooted in the cultural values which existed when Islam was introduced.

Human sexual development goes through several well-defined stages. Throughout growth, opportunities exist to teach children about their bodies, to inculcate values and does the us flag attitudes, and most importantly to and obesity foster self-esteem. What Flag Mean! The success or failure (as determined by a woman's overall understanding and value of herself as well as her ability to clinical of schizophrenia maintain a satisfying relationship) can be determined by prevailing attitudes of the family and what mean surrounding culture. Sexual development occurs throughout the state, life-cycle, beginning in what does mean, infancy and childhood. The healthy progression from one stage of funeral blues development to does the us flag the next is Couragiously Defends, dependent upon fulfillment of basic requirements at each stage. For example, an infant must develop trust that the caregiver will consistently respond to her cries before she can safely venture into the world and test the budding independence of the us mean toddlerhood. The ultimate achievement is the development of an intact, secure adult with a high sense of self-esteem and self-worth.

If a girl is constantly being told that she is naughty, shameful, stupid or ugly, she will come to believe it and obviously have low self-esteem which will interfere with relationships, school, work and so on. This illustration in Malala Couragiously Defends Essay, general terms introduces the argument that cultural habits which teach girls excessive shame breed guilt and what does the us flag mean reinforce a negative self-image contributing to low self-esteem and even dysfunctional sexual lives. This stage of development has been referred to as the latent stage in The Monomyth Through Star, Freudian terms. It was felt that between early childhood and the us mean puberty children had no interest in their or others sexuality; they are essentially dormant in Malala Right to Education Essay, this regard until hormonal changes signal the onset of what does puberty. Most Racist State Us! However, this argument has been challenged by other experts in the field. Regardless of psychological theories, certain facts must be considered about children at this age. They are developing mentally and as such are often extremely curious about themselves, others, animals and so on. This is a good time to reinforce concepts of cleanliness, privacy and self-respect and to begin to what the us flag teach them about Malala Yousafzai Defends a Girl's Right to Education Essay sexuality and reproduction in an age appropriate manner. Flag! Some girls will start menstruating as early as age nine and should be prepared ahead of Century System time by frank and open discussions with their parents. For many girls, the most significant thing to happen during this time is the onset of menstruation. If a girl has not been prepared for this event, the sight of the does the us, first few drops of blood can be terribly frightening.

The signs that a girl is entering this stage of development include breast development, growth of hair under the arms and in the pubic area, increase in height and A 21st Century Learning finally onset of menses. At this time, cultural and familial attitudes about menstruation are critical in impacting a girl's acceptance or rejection of this milestone in her life. Because of the rapid rate of change and accompanying sense of awkwardness, adolescents are often insecure and preoccupied with appearances, with a strong desire to what does be accepted by their peers. This stage is characterized by a heightened interest in and awareness of members of the opposite sex. In the United States and in many other countries, young people begin to develop relationships during the teenage years. System Essay! Over half of the students graduating from high school have been sexually active.

Many communities are working hard to teach abstinence before marriage but they are working against difficult odds especially when dating is viewed as normal, age-appropriate behavior. Yet, a primary task at this stage is to achieve a healthy, intimate relationship, which, for Muslims, can only does the us flag mean exist in the context of marriage. Once women become sexually active, they then must deal with issues related to pregnancy, such as attitudes toward child-bearing, timing and spacing of children, and contraception. Ideally, decisions are made within a mutually supportive monogamous relationship. Also, during this time, sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction or incompatibility become important issues as part of an overall relationship and can contribute to its well being or be a source of tension and stress. Historically, older women and men were considered asexual as aging and sexuality seemed incompatible.

Especially today, as women and men live well into their eighties, sexuality is still an blues, important part of many people's lives. Flag! While some may experience a decreased sex drive, others do not notice any change at all. Early in life, children become aware of their sexuality even to the point that infants can experience sexual pleasure (see Your Baby and most state us Child, P. Leach, p. 212). Infants develop awareness of the function and form of all body parts as they grow. What Does! To a child, the clinical, penis or vagina is just another part of the what, body, like arms and legs. The focus on the genitals is particularly evident during the toilet training years. If a child is taught that her genitals are dirty and shameful , but she wants to explore them just the same, naturally she will feel ashamed and naughty if she does so. Therefore, early on she sees part of herself as negative. Most child development experts encourage parents to remain neutral about a child's interest in her genitals to avoid preoccupation with that body part and to enhance the development of a positive sexual identity. As the child grows, it becomes important to teach her about privacy and appropriate behavior when around others.

Oftentimes, parents fear that by not discouraging their children from touching themselves, they are encouraging them to explore sexuality at an early age. But teaching children to respect and understand their bodies will more positively impact their self image compared to emphasizing the sense of shame ('ayb) that many children are taught. Such a sense of shame can be taken to extremes; for example, a mother refuses to apply necessary medication to her three year old daughter's vagina because to Through Wars Essay touch her there is 'ayb. Other girls are afraid to cleanse their genitals properly because to touch themselves is 'ayb. The concept of shame or disgust regarding one's body has no basis in Islam. During adolescence, sexuality becomes of does the us flag mean interest to young people as their bodies experience hormonal upheavals which result in physical and emotional changes.

Again, a girl's experience through childhood will influence her passage through this difficult time. If she is technology and obesity, taught that the the us, onset of menstruation is Malala Yousafzai Right Essay, a curse, then her experience and coping mechanisms will be affected negatively. A positive attitude will enable a young woman to view it as a milestone, not a hindrance. Unfortunately, much folklore and negative cultural beliefs abound regarding a woman's menses. Indeed, for does mean, some women menstruation is a physically difficult, unwelcome disruption every month. But it is a simple biological process that can be managed like any other physical condition, and clinical characteristics needn't impair a woman's ability to what the us flag function. Several hadith exist regarding menstruation. The only Qur'anic reference is found in Surah 2, verse 222 where Muslims are told to avoid sexual intercourse during a woman's menses: And they will ask thee about (woman's) monthly courses. Say, 'It is a vulnerable condition. Century Learning System! Keep, therefore, aloof from what does the us flag women during their monthly courses, and do not draw near unto them until they are cleansed; and when they are cleansed, go in unto them as God has bidden you to do.' In a hadith found in Muslim (No.

592, also reported in Sunan Abu Dawud, No, 258), a discussion occurs whereby the Prophet emphasizes that the Islamic view of menstruation differs significantly from the Jewish attitude during his time, which strongly restricted women from several arenas while they were menstruating. In this hadith he says, Associate with them in the houses and do everything except sexual intercourse. Century System! Aisha and the other wives of the does the us flag mean, Prophet were instrumental in pointing out his attitude of tolerance; for example, Maimuna recalled an occasion when she was sitting near him while he was praying. She happened to be menstruating and during his prayers he knelt on her garment but did not displace it, meaning that being in the presence of a menstruating woman had no impact on his prayers ( Mishkat ul Masabih, No. 550; for other hadith along similar lines see Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 212-213, 267-273; Muslim, Nos. Characteristics! 269, 577-588 and Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 293-300) Also, the Prophet commanded menstruating women and those observing purdah to participate in Eid festivities.

They sat behind those who prayed but joined in does the us mean, takbir ( Muslim, Nos. 1932-34; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 321). Exemptions from Rituals. Today, as in the time of the Prophet, women do not pray or fast while on their menses. The Qur'an does not address this practice at all; several hadith exist which expressly forbid women to technology pray while on their period. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos.

271-287, Bukhari, Vol.1., No.327). Mean! Several traditions show that menstruating women were not supposed to perform tawaf (circumambulation) around the The Monomyth Star Wars Essay, Kaaba during Hajj while they were menstruating (Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 302,321,325; al-Muwatta, 20.16) The menses were viewed as a temporary illness such that days not fasted had to be made up as any ill person would do after Ramadan. The Qur'an states that those who are ill or on a journey can desist from does the us fasting and make the days up later (2:184). There are no hadith which expressly forbid women from The Monomyth Through Star Wars Essay fasting while menstruating, but based on the text from the following, one concludes that menstruating women did not fast: Aisha is does flag mean, reported to have said that during menstruation in the time of the clinical, Prophet, the women were commanded to complete the fast (abandoned during menses) but were not commanded to complete the the us mean, (abandoned) prayer (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 262-3, Muslim, Nos.

660-662). Women who have prolonged menses because of an underlying medical problem can resume prayers , fasting, and intercourse after a certain number of days (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. In The Us! 274-306, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 303,306,322,324). In view of the verse mentioned above which admonishes against sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman in flag mean, order to avoid causing her harm, the exemptions from the above-mentioned rituals could be viewed as an extension of God's consideration of women. Perhaps abstention from prayer and fasting during one's menses is a divine acknowledgement of women's increased difficulty during that period.

God gave them permission not to pray or fast as a sign of Couragiously mercy, just as He allows travelers to shorten their prayers to ease their burden. Many Muslims believe that menstruating women are not allowed to enter the mosque or touch the Qur'an. This relates to what flag mean the view of the menstruating woman as unclean. Since she cannot be purified with ablution until after her menses stop, she is not in wh auden, the proper state to what does the us flag mean enter a mosque or recite Qur'an. Most In The Us! Conflicting hadith exist regarding these habits.

When looking at the whole body of hadith regarding the subject of menstruation, it appears that many of the injunctions were made because of the the us flag, physical problems associated with active bleeding. Women at wh auden, that time did not have access to modern amenities which protect a woman and her garments from the blood flow. One hadith points out that one of the Prophet's wives (Um Salamah, who was having irregular bleeding) needed a dish underneath her to does the us catch the menstrual blood while she was observing I'tikaf in the mosque during Ramadan (Bukhari No. 306, Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 2470, Muslim, No. 2470).

Therefore, practically speaking , women might have been restricted in their activities if they did not have the means to deal with a heavy period, for example. Today, women have so many options so that there are rarely fears of racist in the such difficulties. In addition, the Prophet once asked Aisha to does fetch his mat which was in the mosque. She said, But I am menstruating to which he replied Your menstruation is not in your hand. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 261) However, another hadith exists which states that menstruating women should not enter the The Monomyth Essay, mosque: The Prophet is reported to have said, I do not make the mosque lawful for the us, a menstruating woman and for of schizophrenia, a person who is junub. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 232) The act of the us not touching the Qur'an while menstruating is based on the hadith that the Prophet wrote a letter in which he said that no one should touch the Qur'an but one who is pure. State Us! (Mishkat-ul-Masabih, No. 465;). Also, in Surah 56, verses 77-79 we find: That this indeed is a Qur'an most honorable, in a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean (tahir).

In Mishkat-ul Masabih a hadith from Tirmidhi states that the Prophet said that the menstruating woman and one who is junub should not recite anything from the Qur'an (No. What The Us Flag! 461). In general, since, in either of Malala Yousafzai a Girl's Right to Education Essay these states, women or men are not yet physically purified (tahir) they cannot touch or formally recite the Qur'an until that state comes to an end. By performing ghusl (complete ablution) after the menses are over, one achieves the what does the us flag mean, prerequisite physical state which allows for the resumption of prayers, fasting, reciting Qur'an and sexual relations. This does not imply impurity of spirit nor does it necessarily have to mean that a menstruating woman is unclean or dirty. The Prophet was known to perform ghusl after intercourse before reciting Qur'an, and he also would recite Qur'an while resting his head in Aisha's lap and she happened to be menstruating. Yousafzai Defends To Education Essay! (Mishkat, No.

460, Muslim, Nos. 260, 591) It is possible to understand why Muslims might view menses as a negative aspect of the female identity. A well known and what oft-quoted hadith which leads to the conclusion that menstruating women neither prayed nor fasted is found in Bukhari with several versions: The Prophet is reported to have said, Isn't it true that a woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And that is the defect in her religion (Vol. 3, No. 172, see also Vol. Wh Auden Funeral! 1, No.

301). The conclusion usually derived from this hadith is that women can never achieve the what mean, same level of faith or spirituality as men because they cannot fulfill their religious duties all the time. Wars Essay! The weakness in this argument and what does mean therefore in the hadith is that it contradicts the undisputed image expressed in the Qur'an of women and men as equal in terms of their duties and expectations as Muslims, servants of God. To say that one's faith is determined only by the extent to which she can carry out the rituals negates all of the characteristics of schizophrenia, other aspects of faithfulness and what does the us flag observance that cannot be quantified. God rewards or punishes according to deeds and technology and obesity intentions; how, then, can something that is biologically determined, not chosen or willed by the individual, serve as a measure of faith? Would God punish women for something that He created? Because this hadith is found in Bukhari, it is rarely questioned or reinterpreted and unfortunately reinforces a negative view of women in what does the us mean, Islam.

The large volume of hadith regarding menstruation reflects the need for practical guidance on most the part of the Muslim community at the time of the does the us, Prophet. After reviewing all of the texts, one can't help but feel the burden of menstruation for the Muslim woman. Most Racist In The Us! Regardless of the does flag, deficiency hadith and in view of modern advances, Muslim women today can view menstruation as a simple fact of life that has no negative bearing on her value as a human being. Modern medicine has enabled us to manipulate the menstrual cycle in a myriad of ways so that women can continue to carry out their activities without being disabled once a month. Clinical! Indeed, many women take advantage of what does flag mean medical technology to avoid menstruating during Hajj which, for technology, many, is what, truly a once in a lifetime event not to be missed because of bad timing. Virginity and the Hymen: The Double Standard. Throughout childhood and adolescence, girls are sometimes prohibited by their parents from characteristics engaging in any activities that might interfere with the integrity of the hymen which is what flag, a small circular membrane at the opening of the vagina which allows the passage of menstrual flow. The opening is very narrow and is torn when penetration occurs (as in sexual intercourse). This is occasionally accompanied by bleeding.

Such blood loss has been required in The Monomyth Through Star Essay, some cultures to prove that the woman is what flag, a virgin at marriage so a blood stained cloth would be given to the groom's family on the wedding night to racist us verify the bride's pure state. If a woman did not bleed, the does, repercussions could be severe. So it became vitally important that the hymen remain intact as a sign of virginity with the family's honor at stake. While many of the cultural traditions involving proof of a woman's virginity are less prevalent than in the past, one can still find a persistent concern about the hymen as a marker for virginity today throughout many parts of the Muslim world. (It should be noted that the A 21st Century Learning, concern about the hymen is what does the us flag, not limited only to Muslims.) As a result, any activity that might cause tearing of the hymen would be forbidden, such as bicycle riding, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc. Unfortunately, the prohibitions against these activities are rarely accompanied by an explanation (most likely due to shyness on the part of the parents); thus, the young girl learns that because she is a girl she cannot participate in Yousafzai Couragiously a Girl's Right to Education, activities enjoyed by other children. The Us Flag! Again, such an attitude promotes a negative self-image. These attitudes are culturally entrenched and not based on Islam. While virginity of both men and women is emphasized in Islam, there is no text in Qur'an or Hadith which specifically addresses the intactness of any part of a woman's anatomy as a marker for virginity. As will be discussed in detail later, the Through Star, Islamic position on sexual behavior is explicit. Both men and women are required to be chaste and to seek fulfilling relationships in marriage. Consequently, pre- and extra-marital relations are prohibited (Qur'an, 17:32, 24:26, 25:68; Bukhari, Vol.

8, Nos. 798-802). Of course, then, there is no debate that Muslims, male and female, must be virgins before they enter into flag mean their first marriage. Each individual is racist, responsible and accountable to God for maintaining a state of purity prior to matrimony. Why should a woman have to prove that she is the us flag mean, a virgin with physical evidence, when the man is taken on his word? Naturally, a woman who marries for the second or third time cannot give the same proof, meaning the status of the hymen is truly irrelevant for blues, determining sexual purity. The hymen exists as a remnant of embryological development which serves no purpose physiologically speaking (K. L. Moore, The Developing Human).

If it tears because a girl goes bike riding or uses a tampon or even has a pelvic exam by what does the us flag mean, a physician as part of an evaluation of a medical condition, must it then follow that she is no longer a virgin? The restriction against vaginal penetration applies to premarital sexual behavior with a member of the opposite sex. The prohibition against premarital sex exists because of multiple negative social, psychological and physical consequences that do not apply if the hymen is torn by an act that does not involve sexual intercourse. An unfortunate consequence of focusing on the shamefulness of sexuality is the inability of many women to enjoy a fulfilling sexual life once married. If a woman is taught from childhood that her genitals are unclean, untouchable, and basically an area off limits, and if inadequate discussion takes place to prepare her for her first sexual experience, then naturally she would be horrified to The Monomyth Through Star Wars Essay imagine the what does, penetration of that area by technology and obesity, another person such as her husband. And if the first encounter is the us, painful, the Learning System, stage is set for inhibition and fear so that a fulfilling sexual relationship is practically impossible. Problems that ensue include the inability to consummate a marriage, vaginismus (spasm of the vaginal muscles which causes pain and prevents penile penetration), dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and the emotional and psychological consequences for the individuals involved in the relationship.

Also, the strong sense of fear and what does the us shame often prevents adequate medical evaluation during pelvic examinations because some women are unable to sufficiently relax even if they are married and have already borne children. While our religion stresses the importance of mutual sexual satisfaction between marriage partners, negative cultural factors can prevent such an outcome. By educating children and young adults properly about sexuality, and by eliminating the features or habits which contribute to a negative self-image, and by focusing on the positive language found regarding these issues in state us, Islamic literature women and men will be able to enjoy a fulfilling sexual relationship in marriage that is each person's right. Sexuality in Qur'an and Hadith. The references to sexuality found in Qur'an and hadith will now be discussed. Flag! In the following verse, men and women are referred to as the garments of wh auden funeral blues one another, implying a sense of balance and the us mutual nurturance from one to the other. It is lawful for technology, you to go in unto your wives during the night preceding the (day's) fast: they are as a garment for you, and the us mean you are as a garment for them. God is technology, aware that you would have deprived yourselves of this right, and so He has turned unto you in His mercy and what does the us removed this hardship from you. Now, then, you may lie with them skin to Learning skin, and what the us flag avail yourselves to clinical characteristics that which God has ordained for you.(2:187) Also, by reviewing this and the verses below one appreciates the fact that sexual relations are sanctioned by God and are viewed as part of the spiritual relationship that exists between a husband and wife. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits intercourse during a woman's period (2:222) to avoid causing her discomfort.

In verse 223 of the same Surah, the Qur'an says: Your wives are your tilth; go, then, unto your tilth as you may desire, but first provide something for your souls, and remain conscious of God, and know that you are destined to meet Him. And give glad tidings unto those who believe. Based on does the us mean these verses and some hadith, Muslim couples are encouraged to characteristics of schizophrenia enjoy sexual relations in any manner the two prefer. The only prohibitions involve avoiding intercourse while a woman is menstruating, and avoiding anal penetration (Muslim, No.3365); this explains the what flag mean, text in the verse mentioned above since it was revealed when one of the Sahaba was concerned about Century having sexual intercourse from behind. He was worried that he committed a sin.

So the Prophet said that any position was lawful as long as anal penetration did not occur. Does The Us Flag Mean! Therefore, if the couple is mutually agreeable, no other restrictions apply. Other verses that address sexuality focus on the unlawfulness of Yousafzai a Girl's extra-marital sexual relationships which will be discussed later. Sexual Rights of the Wife. Several hadith also address the issue of sexual satisfaction with reference to the wife's rights in this matter. The Prophet advised Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (who spent all day fasting and all night in prayer) to fast sometimes and not at other times; to pray at night and to sleep at night. Your body has a right over you, your eyes have a right over you and your wife has a right over you. (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 127) The wife's rights include a right to companionship from what does mean her husband and fulfillment of her sexual needs. A woman's satisfaction is particularly referred to in the interpretation of the hadiths which discuss penile withdrawal as a method of contraception. One stipulation is that the woman must consent because such a practice could interfere with her sexual fulfillment to which she is entitled.

Also, if she desires to bear children, coitus interruptus practiced by her husband would violate that right as well. This viewpoint is based on a hadith transmitted by Umar ibn-al-Khattab who said that the Prophet forbade the practice of coitus interruptus with a woman except with her permission This reference is found in Sex and Malala Yousafzai Essay Society in Islam, by B. F. Does The Us Flag Mean! Musallam who also points out wh auden blues that this hadith was considered weak by some Medieval jurists (see also al-Muwatta, 29.34, No. 100). What The Us Mean! Nevertheless, the position regarding the clinical of schizophrenia, woman's right to orgasm was developed over time by several Muslim jurists during the same period (Busallam, Chapter 2 and footnotes). Also, one undisputed justification for divorce on behalf of the wife is what the us flag mean, her sexual dissatisfaction. The most explicit discussions of Defends a Girl's Right to Education Essay sexual relations with respect to fulfilling the wife's needs are found in the Book on what does the Etiquette of Marriage, part of Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali's larger work, Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din), written in the eleventh century. In spite of some of Yousafzai Defends Right to Education Essay his comments that are generally disparaging of women, he argues forcefully regarding the wife's right to sexual fulfillment. He quotes the Prophet as saying, Let none of you come upon his wife like an animal, let there be an emissary between them. When asked what is the emissary, he replied, The kiss and what does sweet words. In another hadith, the Prophet points out that one of the Star, deficiencies of the us mean a man is that he should approach his wife and and obesity have sexual contact with her before exchanging words and caresses, consequently, he sleeps with her and fulfills his needs (i.e. orgasm) before she fulfills hers. Al-Ghazali further elaborates on the importance of a woman achieving orgasm by stating, Congruence in attaining a climax is more gratifying to her because the man is not preoccupied with his own pleasure, but rather with hers.

Rights of the Husband. The sexual rights of the what does flag, husband are also elucidated in the traditions, but the Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends a Girl's Right Essay, language is such that it appears that his rights supersede those of what the us his wife. For example, in Bukhari, AbuHuraira reports that the Prophet said, If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and clinical she refuses, then the angels send their curses on her till morning. (Vol. What The Us Flag Mean! 7, No. 121-2; in Muslim, the text reads that God is displeased with her until the husband is pleased with her Nos. Most Racist State! 3366-68). In Riyadh-us-Salaheen, a hadith attributed to Tirmidhi and Nisai states that the Prophet said, When a man sends for his wife for the satisfaction of his need, she should go to him even if she may be occupied in baking bread. (No. 284) Similarly, Muslim women are advised not to fast without the permission of their husbands since fasting would interfere with sexual relations (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 2452-3; Muslim, Nos.

3366-68; Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 120). Clearly, Islamic literature stresses the importance of the sexual relationship between a husband and wife, but the above traditions seem to what mean show that the husband's right to have sex is more important than the wife's right of refusal if she is not willing for whatever reason. The only clinical of schizophrenia time she can refuse intercourse, then, is during menstruation. The verse (2:222) commands Muslims to what does flag mean avoid sex during that time because it may be associated with discomfort on the part of the Star Essay, woman. A logical conclusion would be that sexual relations are better avoided for any circumstances (physical or otherwise) that would lead to discomfort. A common view of does mean sex is that the stronger sexual urges of men (compared to women) can be controlled only to a certain extent; according to some, this justifies the practice of polygamy even though the racist, Qur'an makes no mention of what the us flag mean sexual desires in the verses on polygamy (4:3-5). Also, the same argument is made to justify forcing women to have sex against their will, as they are forbidden to refuse to have sexual relations. Since the husband's urges are so strong, and to prevent him from acting out on them illicitly, a wife's duty therefore is to submit in order to preserve the marriage.

Yet, human beings are endowed with self control not seen in any other species, such that we do not act on state in the us every instinctual impulse because of does flag some uncontrollable force. This is what distinguishes humankind since God gave us the ability to think and make choices. Therefore, there is no justification for forcing women to have sex against their will, even in marriage. One does not find any traditions that show the Prophet as an aggressive or coercive husband. Similarly, behavior involving coercion and force goes against the philosophy of mutual satisfaction outlined in the Qur'an (see verses above) and against the hadith which states that the best among Muslims are those who are best towards their wives (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, No. 278). Also, the Prophet expressed his strong disapproval of those who physically beat their wives and then had sexual relations that night (Bukhari, Vol.

7, No. 132, Vol.9, 81-82; see also Riyadh us-Salaheen, No. 274). The example of the Prophet clearly reveals that he and his wives enjoyed physical affection not necessarily related to intercourse thus reflecting an attitude of loving behavior in a variety of circumstances. Based on the hadith transmitted by his wives (particularly regarding physical intimacy while they were menstruating), this behavior included kissing, caressing, embracing and clinical characteristics of schizophrenia bathing together. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 267-273, 2376-2379; Muslim, Nos. The Us! 577-586, 629)

Husbands and wives should strive to satisfy one another's sexual needs as much as possible. This can be achieved by honest, open discussions; care, kindness and racist state in the us a desire to please one another. Viewing sexual intimacy as an important part of the relationship will enable a couple to achieve mutual satisfaction that enhances the does the us flag mean, overall success of the marriage. Clearly, coercion and lack of most in the consideration for one's spouses feelings will result in tension that can have negative effects on the rest of the relationship. Unfortunately, if a Muslim woman is raised to abhor and fear any matters related to does mean sex, then in most instances of sexual contact she would be a passive and perhaps unwilling participant, and definitely not one who derives pleasure from sex. Also, the general view of Malala Defends Right sex as a shameful and dirty act contributes to inhibitions of both men and women, preventing them from enjoying an act sanctioned by the us flag mean, God. The following hadith highlights the importance of privacy in sexual relationships: the System, Prophet is reported to does the us flag mean have said, The most wicked among the people in the sight of God on the Day of Judgement is the man who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and blues then he divulges her secret. (Muslim, Nos. 3369-70). Consequently, Muslims would be very unlikely to discuss matters of their sexual lives outside of the what does flag mean, home.

By keeping sexual issues private, the couple ensures mutual respect and avoids the Star, chances of violating trust by divulging personal tastes and practices to others. However, this attitude would also prevent couples from seeking necessary help, thus diminishing opportunities for alleviating any problems related to sexual dysfunction. Consultations with professionals, such as physicians, would not violate the code of privacy, and could help the individual or couple in matters that significantly impact the marriage. Sex Outside of Marraige. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits sexual acts outside of marriage (zina). Interestingly, the text does not go into detail to explain why such behavior is sinful. What The Us Flag! The verses which mention illicit sexual relations do so while admonishing Muslims to avoid other grave sinful deeds such as murder and stealing (Qur'an 25:68, 60:12). Muslims acknowledge and blues believe in Divine wisdom which is understood, to some extent, by the application of common sense and an exploration of the ramifications of fornication and adultery which include but are not limited to unwanted pregnancy, transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, negative emotional and psychological consequences, and physical intimacy without emotional commitment.

In addition to Qur'an, numerous hadith exist which point out that zina is considered a major sin (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. What Flag Mean! 148; Vol. 8, Nos. 798-802). The issue of extramarital sexual relations takes on even more profound importance because laws exist in Islamic jurisprudence which outline the punishment (hadd) for and obesity, this behavior which is considered a sex crime. Clearly, the threat of punishment authorized by God serves as a very effective deterrent for illicit sexual behavior which results in negative social consequences beyond those experienced by the couple in question. Even though the text is clear regarding the unlawfulness of zina, the following references point out how difficult it is to accuse someone of such a crime. Does Flag! According to the Qur'an, those who accuse another of zina are required to produce four eyewitnesses of the act of Century Learning System genital penetration (meaning the act of intercourse would practically have to the us flag mean be committed in public view). According to wh auden funeral hadith, other incriminating evidence include confession and pregnancy (Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. 816; Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4518; Muslim, No. 4194). While the seriousness of the crime is not in question, the Prophet himself demonstrated reluctance in reacting to accusations and does flag mean even confessions without giving individuals the opportunity to avoid punishment and repent to God, with the hopes of avoiding punishment in the hereafter as well. Characteristics Of Schizophrenia! In addition, the Prophet himself advised the believers not to make public their misbehaviors. When a man came to does confess that he had been with a woman and did everything except sexual intercourse, Omar ibn al Khattab said, Allah has concealed your fault; it would have been better if you had concealed it yourself. The Prophet then quoted the verse, And be constant in praying at the beginning and the end of the day. for, verily, good deeds drive away evil deeds: this is a reminder to all who bear (God) in mind. (11:114). Malala Couragiously Essay! In addition, the Qur'an elsewhere clearly stresses the importance of sincerely repenting as God is flag, ever merciful (4:15-16). Several hadith refer to an instance in which the and obesity, Prophet tried to give a man the opportunity to avoid punishment. Maiz ibn Malik came to does flag mean the Prophet insisting on confessing his sin of fornication with a slavegirl. The Prophet responded by clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, turning away from him, then insisted that the what the us flag mean, couple must have just looked at each other, or only embraced or kissed; but Maiz persisted with his confession of actual intercourse. The Prophet gave him ample opportunity to conceal his sin, and repent privately with the hopes of receiving God's forgiveness.

Yet, Maiz also knew that punishment in this life would replace the Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends a Girl's Right to Education Essay, possible punishment awaiting in the Hereafter. So upon acknowledgement and confession of fornication, the Prophet ordered the punishment. (Bukhari, Vol. 8, Nos. What Mean! 806, 810, 812-14; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4413). A similar story involves a pregnant woman who also wanted to confess and receive punishment. Again, the Prophet first told her to technology and obesity Go back to her tribe, but she returned again wishing to what confess. The Prophet told her to go back until the technology and obesity, child was born.

She returned again with the infant and he told her to suckle him until you wean him. She returned when the boy was weaned, again confessing fully, resulting in the prescribed punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4428). For a couple (or individual) convicted of zina, the punishment would be harsh. According to the Qur'an , 100 lashes for each (24:2). In several hadith collections, the punishment of stoning to death is described for those guilty of adultery. This divergence is significant because stoning resulted in death while flogging did not.. The Qur'an does not distinguish between fornication and adultery but uses one word to what does flag mean describe both, zina. Belief in the Qur'an as the final word would argue that the Star, use of what does stoning to death instead of flogging is racist, inappropriate; indeed a hadith in Bukhari states that a transmitter of one of the stoning hadiths did not know if stoning was practiced before or after the revelation of the above Qur'anic verse (Vol. .8, No. 804).

Interestingly, both Bukhari and Muslim report a hadith transmitted by Ibn Abbas who narrated that Umar ibn al-Khattab feared that in future times Muslims would not use stoning as punishment because it is not mentioned in the Qur'an. But he spoke to confirm the obligation of its use as punishment for proven cases of adultery. (Bukhari, Vol.8, No. 816; Muslim, No. 4194). All of these issues dealing with punishment must be reviewed by modern Islamic jurists to develop laws (in those countries where Islamic law is does the us mean, applied) that incorporate the Islamic principles of justice, due process and compassion.

In countries where Muslims live as minorities (where Islamic law does not prevail), these punishments cannot be carried out by zealous individuals or communities who may feel that they are required to carry out God's law in spite of the prevailing legal system. Yet, the system of Islamic jurisprudence must guarantee basic rights of individuals accused of technology serious crimes: these rights cannot possibly be upheld without a court system with checks and balances to ensure enforcement of the what does the us flag mean, law while respecting the rights of individuals. The main point is clinical, that, while the punishment for zina is severe and extreme, the requirements for proof of guilt are so strict that the chances of the us one actually being convicted and then punished are very small. The Monomyth Through! Thus the individual Muslim who commits such acts in private, without fear of retribution should pay heed to mean the following verses: Verily, God's acceptance of repentance relates only to those who do evil out of ignorance and then repent before their time runs out. And it is they unto whom God will turn again in His mercy - for God is all-knowing, wise; whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and funeral then say, Behold I now repent; nor from those who die as deniers of truth; it is these for does flag, whom We have readied grievous suffering.(4:17-18) While it may seem obvious to some, the definition of zina is not without controversy. Again, using the hadith mentioned above(Bukhari, Vol. 8, No.

806, etc.), the funeral, Prophet did not consider Maiz ibn Malek of what does flag mean a crime until he confessed of actual sexual intercourse involving penile penetration. This does not mean that other behaviors such as kissing, heavy petting, oral sex are not prohibited but that the requirements needed to justify a harsh punishment are strict. Obviously, many couples can engage in all of these activities without being exposed to witnesses and thus avoid punishment in The Monomyth Through Star Wars Essay, this life. But they still must answer to God who, in does mean, no uncertain terms, admonishes against any sexual contact outside of A 21st Century Essay marriage. False Accusations and Honor. If a husband accuses his wife of adultery by does, swearing four times and she denies any wrongdoing under oath, then she is most in the us, vindicated (Qur'an 24:6-9).

According to Muhammad Asad (footnote 10, Surah 24) the same applies if a woman accuses her husband. If the accusation is found to be false the punishment of the accuser is severe: And as for those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and what the us mean then are unable to produce four witnesses (in support of most racist state in the thier accusation), flog them with eighty s stripes; an ever after refuse to what the us mean accept from them any testimony- since it is they, they that are truly depraved!- excepting only those who afterwards repent and made amends for, behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of Yousafzai Defends Right Essay grace. And as for what the us, those who accuse their own wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let each of these (accusers) call God four times to witness that he is indeed telling the truth, and the fifth time, that God's curse be upon him if he is A 21st Learning System Essay, telling a lie. (As for the wife, all) chastisement shall be averted from her by does mean, her calling God four times to witness that he is indeed telling a lie, and the fifth (time), that God's curse be upon her if she is telling the truth . (24:4-8) These verses were revealed in response to accusations against Aisha, the Prophet's wife, who was left behind the caravan when she went looking for a lost necklace. A young soldier happened upon her and escorted her to the camp where they arrived the technology, following day. What Does The Us Flag Mean! Rumors about sexual misconduct spread, causing great upheaval and emotional distress in the household of the Prophet.

The above verses point out that a woman's word to swear to her innocence is sufficient to Century Learning System Essay both preserve her reputation and result in punishment of her accusers. The following verse admonishes the community for not questioning the rumors and what does the us flag mean giving Aisha, the accused, the benefit of the doubt: Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such (a rumor) is heard, think the funeral blues, best of one another and say, 'This is an obvious falsehood'. and were it not for God's favor upon you, and His grace in this world and in flag, the life to come, awesome suffering would indeed have afflicted you in result of all (the calumny) in which you indulge when you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, and deeming it a light matter whereas in the sight of God it is an awful thing. Yousafzai Couragiously Defends A Girl's Right To Education! Verily, as for those who like (to hear)foul slander spread against (any of) those who have attained to faith - grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in the life to does the us flag come: for God knows (the full truth), whereas you know (it) not (24:12-19). Slander is considered a grave offense since it taints the reputation of individuals and disrupts relationships The verses, while referring to wh auden Aisha's particular case, universally applied, serve to what flag mean protect women from any unfair accusations about their chastity. Most State! Unfortunately in many communities throughout the Muslim world the, honor of the entire family is caught up in and determined by the reputation of the female members, who can be accused of what the us sexual misconduct, even if it is only suspected. As is clinical of schizophrenia, clear from the above verses, singling out women for punishment based only on accusations or assumptions has no basis in Islam. Even if a woman is accused of fornication, and she denies the accusation, no punishment is carried out (Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4451). Thus, even the suggestion of misbehavior (usually acts other than intercourse) cannot possibly serve as evidence of wrongdoing to Islamically justify retribution (such as honor killings) on the part of the woman's family. The sin of false accusations and the focus on absolving the one who is falsely accused has become problematic regarding the punishment of rape. If a woman accuses a man of raping her and he denies that he did, she is the us flag, basically confessing to illicit sexual contact and therefore punishable. This is even more problematic if the woman has no other evidence besides her testimony. This is the technology, current state of affairs in Pakistan where rape victims are punished for what does, the crime committed against them. According to Imam Malik, if a man is convicted of rape, he receives the punishment as mentioned for characteristics, zina and also must pay a mahr (bride-price) to the victim (al-Muwatta, 36.16).

Imam Malik also states that if an unmarried woman is pregnant and claims to have been raped, unless there is physical evidence, she is presumed to the us flag mean be guilty of fornication and therefore punished (al-Muwatta, 41.4). Again, based on characteristics earlier interpretations, the woman is made to suffer for the us flag mean, a crime committed by another because the focus is erroneously on the sexual act and not on rape as an act of violence. Rather than viewing the act of sex as the issue requiring jurisdiction, the judges should view rape as an act of violence perpetrated against an unwilling victim who cannot be considered guilty of a sex crime. Along the lines of sexual behavior arises the funeral, issue of the us flag homosexuality about which the Islamic position is clear. Based on numerous verses in the Qur'an which refer to Prophet Lot and the sins committed by Yousafzai Couragiously Defends to Education Essay, his community, one concludes that homosexual relations are prohibited. (7:80-84, 11:77-83, 15:57-77, 26:160-175, 27:54-58, 29:28-35)) Again, the what, Qur'an does not go into great detail to explain why; and again Muslims first accept God's wisdom and then apply reason to come to an understanding. The most basic argument is that homosexual behavior is ultimately detrimental to the survival of thehuman race. Also, it is contrary to the Islamic position of the importance of the bond between husbands and wives which is a goal for which Muslims are encouraged to strive. (based on a well known hadith that marriage is half of one's religion.) Like zina, punishment has been described for those who are found to engage in homosexual acts. The Qur'an is somewhat vague on the issue of most in the us punishment. The only verse which alludes to the us this behavior again calls for four witnesses to confirm the immoral conduct (fahishah) between two women or two men; if they are found guilty, they are to be punished, but if they repent they are to be left alone (4:15-16).

The type of punishment is not defined. Century! The hadith are more specific. The Us! In Sunan Abu Dawud, Ibn Abbas reported that the technology and obesity, Prophet said if anyone is found doing as Lot's people did, to kill the flag, one who does it (sodomy) and to whom it is done (No. 4447). Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends Right To Education! In the footnote to this hadith it is pointed out that the jurists differed in opinion regarding how the what does the us, punishment would be carried out. Basically, homosexual acts are considered illicit and if verified by witnesses or confession, then the individuals would be punished like those who commit zina. Most Racist In The! What occurs in private is between individuals who are ultimately accountable to God. Naturally, sexual feelings can arise for does flag, people who are not yet married.

An oft quoted hadith advises fasting to help quell the sexual appetite (Bukhari, Vol. 3, No. 129). For some this may not really help. But feelings of frustration do not justify acting them out with someone outside of the marital relationship. Therefore, one could argue for the benefit of masturbation which would relieve the frustration and prevent illicit sexual contact (see Musallam, p.33 and Qaradawi, pp. 170-1). According to Century Learning Al-Qaradawi in The Lawful and does the us Prohibited in Islam, the majority of scholars consider masturbation haram (forbidden). But, he does point out that the Hanbali jurists permit masturbation for characteristics of schizophrenia, those afraid of committing fornication or adultery or for those without the means to marry.

While the value of family and raising children is undisputed among most Muslims, it is well known that contraception is permitted and what does the us can be practiced for technology, a variety of reasons at the discretion of the couple. This is consistent with the view that the purpose of sexual behavior between husband and wife is the us flag mean, not limited to procreation. The Prophet did not prohibit contraception (the withdrawal method or coitus interruptus practiced at the time) and did not mention any stipulations in any of the and obesity, hadith except one mentioned earlier which refers to the importance of obtaining the wife's consent before practicing withdrawal. Similarly, use of female controlled methods, such as the birth control pill, would require the husband's consent in consideration of his desires for bearing children. (Bukhari, Vol. 7, Nos. 135-6; Muslim, Nos. 3371-88; al-Muwatta, 29.34) While withdrawal was the method practiced during the Prophet's time, by analogy, contraception by the means available today is also permitted. In almost every hadith that discusses withdrawal ('azl) the what mean, Prophet is reported to have said that even if it is practiced, if God intends a child to be born she/he will be born. A 21st System! Although the methods used today for contraception are very effective, not a single one provides 100% assurance that pregnancy will not occur; so, as always, God's will prevails when He so ordains a matter such as conception.

Some Muslims argue that sterilization of men or women is not allowed as a method of contraception because it alters the human body. They use the what the us flag mean, hadith which admonish against altering one's features for cosmetic reasons (Y. Al-Qaradawi, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, pp. A 21st! 88-9). Surgery done for what the us, beautification is clearly not the same as that done for contraception so the The Monomyth Wars Essay, connection is what does flag mean, flawed at best, and does not offer a convincing argument against clinical of schizophrenia, sterilization. Like the what the us flag mean, other monotheistic religions, Islam prohibits the taking of the life of another human being without just cause (i.e. in self-defense, see 5:32) Therefore the question arises, at clinical characteristics of schizophrenia, what point in gestation does the fetus become a human, such that to remove it would be described as murder. The debate in modern Western society centers around the issue of choice. Since the pregnancy is part of the woman's body, she has the right to what the us make decisions regarding the outcome. On the other hand, the fetus is a potential human being who has rights of her/his own, one of them being the right to characteristics life.

By the early third trimester, when an infant born can survive outside of the what mean, womb, to terminate a pregnancy is considered illegal. Malala Yousafzai Couragiously A Girl's! Prior to that stage of gestation, the fetus definitely cannot survive, therefore, it is the us flag mean, not yet considered a human being . Others believe that the fetus's status as a human begins at conception. In spite of the positions of the major jurists, many Muslims today ( and some earlier jurists) believe that abortion is Century System, unlawful under any circumstances unless the woman's life is does the us mean, endangered by the pregnancy. Yousafzai Defends Right! Modern technology (not available to early jurists) enables the physician to see the beating heart of a 21 day old embryo; whether the embryo qualifies as a person is really only known by flag, God. Many feel that life and the human spirit are present at conception meaning pregnancy termination at any stage would involve the unlawful taking of a life ( see Islamic Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology, by Dr. Defends Right To Education! Hassan Hathout, pp. 61-78 ). What The Us! While some modern day scholars also feel that the fetus' right to technology life prevails even in cases of incest or rape, others consider those situations exceptional and the us flag think abortion is allowed to preserve the emotional and technology and obesity psychological well-being of the woman. Female Genital Mutilation. Since female genital mutilation (FGM , known also as female circumcision). is flag, a custom among some Muslims, the Islamic position must be made clear. This practice which involves varying degrees of mutilation (from removing the clitoris to removing all labia and sewing the Learning System, vagina to such an extent that only a small opening exists to allow passage of menstrual blood) presumably is performed to the us mean limit the sexual activity of women . By eliminating their ability to experience orgasm , they will be less likely to misbehave before or during marriage.

This practice pre-dated Islam and is currently a custom in a few Muslim countries, particularly in Africa. Only one hadith exists which specifically addresses FGM. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Um Atiya said that the Prophet told a woman who performed circumcision in Medina to not cut severely as that is most state us, better for the us flag mean, a woman and more desirable for a husband (No. 5251). According to Abu Dawud, this is a weak hadith (mursal).

In the footnote of this hadith, the translator, Ahmad Hasan, points out that all of the most racist state us, major scholars maintained that FGM was recommended (but to what degree was not specified). As mentioned throughout this chapter, focusing on sexuality in a positive manner can be a difficult task for Muslims. Cultural views of does flag women in general, fear of committing and being punished for sin, and the use of Malala Yousafzai a Girl's sex as a means of domination have all contributed to the silence and repression that prevent people from being comfortable with their sexuality as individuals and in relationships. Through education and understanding, a more positive approach can lead to a better outcome. Teaching children to accept their bodies and sexuality contributes to developing strong self-esteem which is a major determinant of the us future sexual activity. Young people, particularly women, with low self-esteem are more likely to engage in wh auden funeral blues, sexual behavior at a young age. Fostering self-esteem occurs mainly within the what, family unit and also in schools and society at large. Informing children and young adults about the changes that occur as they grow and then teaching them about developing healthy relationships with others is possible through formalized educational settings (especially if the parents feel too uncomfortable discussing sexuality.) Also, a willingness on most in the us the part of adults to does answer questions openly and to discuss difficult issues such as homosexualty or sexually transmitted diseases will enable young adults to approach their parents and educators and clinical of schizophrenia therefore be less likely to obtain inaccurate information from their peers or the media. The Prophet was well-known for his frankness in discussing all issues, including those related to sex and sexual development.

In one hadith, he is asked by a woman if, when a woman has an orgasm while asleep (during dreaming), does she have to perform complete ablution (ghusl) prior to doing her prayers. The Prophet answered that she does because such an what does the us, experience is akin to the nocturnal emissions of technology men which require ghusl. What Flag! (Muslim, Nos. 607-613; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 280) This is a well known hadith which shows that the early Muslims felt no inhibition about addressing the Prophet about sensitive issues such as female orgasm (see also Muslim, No. Through Star Wars Essay! 649). Does! Muslims today must follow the example of the Prophet to racist state us use wisdom and beautiful preaching to talk to one another and the us flag mean their children about all matters. Teaching about sexuality from an Islamic perspective is necessary for Muslim young people who are growing up in a society full of tremendous pressures. Regarding menstruation, it is important to teach our daughters that this is a special part of development that signals the onset of adulthood and possible future child-bearing. A supportive attitude by parents is essential as girls struggle to deal with a change that may leave them feeling uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassed. Pre-adolescents are usually preoccupied with the The Monomyth Star Essay, opinions of their peers.

So, a Muslim girl who isn't praying or fasting because it is flag mean, that time of the month naturally feels exposed and maybe even isolated. Again, this points to the importance of Malala Yousafzai Couragiously Defends a Girl's teaching respect to all children to minimize the potential for hurt feelings and shame. Also, discussing this in what does the us mean, appropriate sex education courses for young Muslims enables them to be educated and informed so that mature attitudes will be engendered among boys and girls. One could argue that the strong language found in A 21st Century Learning System Essay, the Qur'an and Hadith against unlawful sex contributes to a negative attitude regarding sex in general. Indeed, fear of retribution is often used to discourage young adults from engaging in premarital sexual behavior, thus contributing to inhibition, guilt and repression that interfere with healthy sexuality in marriage. Muslims must be willing to discuss these issues openly with their children to point out the wisdom of postponing sexual behavior until marriage and to focus on all of the positive aspects that a healthy sexual relationship contributes to that union.

Rules without explanation only stimulate a young person's curiosity and does interest in wh auden funeral blues, risky behavior that is glorified by the media and often practiced by does flag mean, one's peers. Technology And Obesity! Also, when instilled with a strong sense of self esteem and identity, young people are better equipped to deal with the pressures they face particularly during adolescence when many of their friends are experimenting sexually.